3ds max tutorial – Making of Northern Wisps

I placed my cabin in Icelandic Thorsmork. It is a diversified valley with a beautiful color palette and striking rock formations.

Although it’s pretty close to the booming tourist routes, it remains relatively tranquil due to the more dominant river crossing on the way. That place gave me the possibility to create some plausible scenes which evoke serenity with chilling hints of the raw, untamed and besieging nature.

The project turned out to be pretty complex in the end, including many scenes in various lighting scenarios. It wasn’t however planned in this form and thus never felt really overwhelming.

In the beginning, I thought about only one scene with 2-4 points of views. The rules of the competition required preparing spherical images so I organized this environment so as it would be interesting all around. It’s a common pain with spherical panoramas that they include only 10-20% of the absorbing content, and the rest is merely a filler. I tried to avoid it, at least in the first renderings.

I drew a quick sketch, and it gave me the first insight into the scope of work. I needed mountain ranges, screes, outlier rocks, river plateau and many lichens.

Let’s start then!

Modeling and Texturing -3ds max tutorial

I envisioned the structure that would never be built in this valley, thus provoking the feeling of some elusive beauty. There were two sources of inspiration.

The first one is the archetype of an ancient shelter with a central fireplace. 

The second one is about the simplest geometry that contrasts the complexity.

The example here can be the black monolith from 2001: A Space Odyssey, rectangular light sources in some photography works of Benoit Paillé, and the series of metallic objects by Dillon Marsh.

The simple form becomes a great mystery in those juxtapositions. It gains the quality of an emerging deity or some intangible truth being unveiled in front of the incompetent mind. That’s why I imagined the cabins to be seen as a row of Nordic gods stalled at the mountain ridge. It’s genius loci of this project.

The purity of the form that I aspired to was based on the references of the Japanese objects which are made of wood and semi-translucent covers of fabric or polycarbonate.

I outlined the general shape with the wood frame, and I tried to keep it relatively credible.

The external fabric was simulated in Marvelous Designer, using double seams on the edges. The results were intersecting with some tiny elements of the frame, but it could be easily manually fixed.

Other parts of the cabin were detailed in Zbrush.


“The purity of the form that I aspired to was based on the references of the Japanese objects which are made of wood and semi-translucent covers of fabric or polycarbonate.”


The material of the external cover was the crucial aspect of this project and that’s why I decided to put it in this 3ds max tutorial. I wanted the very specific translucency and some plastic glossiness that would evoke the construction site feel. Nothing too sophisticated, rather uniform and utilitarian.

Obviously, meeting those expectations required a lot of trials and errors from me. I set up a few lighting scenarios and checked the changes in all of them so as to get as close to the perfect result as possible. I helped myself with a few maps from Megascans which brought some intricate details.

 

3D Terrain

Apart from a few bonus scenes, my environment was pretty barren, and I couldn’t hide the terrain’s characteristics underneath the vegetation.

I started with collecting a bunch of references and creating the basic typology of geological forms I needed. I also assigned the specific tools I wanted to use.

HUGE FORMS (everything from a single peak to mountain ranges, glaciers) – I decided to base my workflow here on World Machine and bring some additional detailing in Zbrush.

MEDIUM FORMS (screen, couloir, others – everything that exists in the context of enormous scale geomorphology but is close enough to s camera to require some extra detailing) – I decided to base it on photogrammetry and Zbrush.

SMALL FORMS (stones, rocks, small cliffs) – This scale is in 80% made of Megascans and complemented with some other assets I already had prepared.

I established the base form with some parametric variations. In this case, it’s only the lone mountain, but usually, I cover the larger area. After computing the erosion and weathering, I get a plausible shape. The first coloring is made with the help of the maps generated during the performed simulations, e.g., representing erosion flow, sediment deposits, weathering, etc.

Here is the early WIP showing the main Thorsmork ridge with the valley in front. The river was hand-painted over the satellite photos and in the end, I turned off most of the scatter engines applied to the mountains (they got unrecognizable in the atmospheric haze).


“I must mention that the World Machine output can be mesh or height map based. Since there is a possibility to generate 16k maps, this option usually bears more detail information.”


Height Maps and Masks

The maps generated in World Machine were used to delimit the scatter areas.

3D Terrain Generation – 3ds max / Megascans

As I have already mentioned, a majority of Megascans used in this project was various kinds of rocks. There were examples of granite, volcanic and sandstones types. I adjusted their albedos to get the consistent look. Importing them into the scene was an easy task.

I used the highest LOD version with an additional displacement applied, and while I had 20-30 unique assets in the scene, the memory consumption would get pretty high. This could be easily optimized, though – it was just me getting greedy for indiscernible details. There would be hardly any difference if I turned the displacement off.

A gathering of the assets used in the scene.

Working with Megascans

I mentioned that vegetation wasn’t a big part of this project, but I made a few bonus scenes to practice some techniques. I used a lot of 3rd party assets, yet also created a few by myself. One of them is the native Eriophorum grass, but it’s merely utilization of the 3ds max hair&fur modifier so I won’t cover it in this making-of.

Instead of it, I will discuss some trees generated in TheGrove3d (although they didn’t get into the spotlight of the frame). This software works as the add-on within Blender environment and simulates the growth of a tree in the intervals of one year.

Although it has some limitations, the trees can be produced in a few clicks (by using presets), and their branching is very plausible. Twigs/leaves are distributed by scattering, which can be helpful and make it easy to work along with Megascans atlas files.

The only significant problem I have with the outcome is a generic look of a trunk with some additional issues regarding intersecting meshes of main branches. This is how I work around it

I detach main branches and delimit the polygons that need more detailing (shown here with a basic sphere covering the areas of intersecting meshes).

I am too impatient to fix the mesh manually, so I import the attached object into Zbrush and change it into Dynamesh. The new quad-only mesh is projected onto the trunk, and it becomes a great base for further sculpting.

I start by fixing the general shape and end on the crude features. I don’t want to get into finer details because they are going to be added along with textures. I paint them in Substance Painter to utilize quickly generated parametric masks which are based on the geometry of the object (high-quality maps baked in Zbrush) and bring diversity.

The trunk is ready now to be connected with the rest of the tree. The transition can be made smoother by masking the tips of delimited branches and applying to them the tiling bark texture used at the rest of the tree.

Framing, Lighting, Rendering and Post Production – 3ds max

The project consists of various scenes, and it’s hard to find common ground when describing them. Let me just to pick a few examples.

When building compositions of frames, I looked for guiding lines and the rhythm of the elements.

I scattered the assets with Forest Pack. I used splines to determine various scattering areas.

The lighting was one of the most important aspects of the project, but it was based merely on a simple HDRI or corona sun + sky. I also used atmospheric fog to soften the light in many cases.

There was a couple of situations in which I wanted the stormy sky with accurately orchestrated sunset rays.

To achieve this, I placed some clouds in the form of simple, navy-blue, non-translucent spheres. It gave me total control over the light with hardly any effort.

I used Corona Renderer, and it was the first time I worked with it since the very beginning of such a big project. The results were great out-of-box, and most of the final adjustments were made inside the framebuffer. My only external post-processing encapsulated incidental replacing of a sky, fixing minor glitches and painting some tiny details (e.g., scratches on some surfaces).

I used Corona’s Light Mixer to balance the lighting in a few night scenes. Possibility to do it after finishing the rendering is the great time-saver at the stage of a scene preparation.

Final Notes

I couldn’t cover all aspects of the project in this making-of. I tried to keep short those steps that are well-known or well described in other tutorials.

I hope I outlined the frame of my work and gave you a few interesting insights.

More photos:

https://www.behance.net/gallery/64980791/Northern-Wisps


 

Bartosz Domiczek

 

I am the owner of the arch-viz studio focused on marketing contemporary architecture and supporting clients with the design process. I am also a big CG hobbyist, trying to strive with the personal work far away from my typical comfort zone.

Recognitions:

CG Architect 3d Award for the Best Non-Commissioned Image 2018 VisualWander 2018

Best Image Evermotion Challenge 2013 | Best Image

Speaker | Total Chaos 2019 Sofia

Speaker | SOA Academy Days 9 2018 Venice

Speaker | BW3 2018 Conference Wrocław

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